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Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Global Burden of Disease Study 2010

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Date added: 12/17/2012
Date modified: 12/17/2012
Filesize: 795.03 kB
Downloads: 1364

Author: The Lancet

The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) is the largest ever systematic effort to describe the global distribution and causes of a wide array of major diseases, injuries, and health risk factors. It consists of seven articles, each containing a wealth of data on different aspects of the study.

According to this study, in 2010, alcohol was the world’s third most important risk factor for disability adjusted life years (a composite measure of years lived with disability and years of life lost due to premature death), after high blood pressure and tobacco smoking, and up from 6th place in 1990.

Check here the complete list of articles of GBD 2010.

When financial incentives do more good than harm: a checklist When financial incentives do more good than harm: a checklist

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Date added: 08/24/2012
Date modified: 04/02/2013
Filesize: Unknown
Downloads: 1804

Authors: Paul P Glasziou, Heather Buchan , Chris Del Mar, Jenny Doust, Mark Harris, Rosemary Knight, Anthony Scott, Ian A Scott, Alexis Stockwell

Financial incentives can sometimes improve the quality of clinical practice, but they may also be an expensive distraction. This BMJ article presents a checklist, based on a review of the positive and negative effects of financial incentives, to aid those making the difficult and costly decision of whether and how to use a financial incentive and to help prevent their premature or inappropriate implementation.

An ex ante assessment of the economic impacts of the EU alcohol policies An ex ante assessment of the economic impacts of the EU alcohol policies

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Date added: 07/25/2012
Date modified: 04/02/2013
Filesize: Unknown
Downloads: 3185

Authors: Edwin Horlings and Amanda Scoggins (RAND Europe)

The European Commission, Directorate-General Health and Consumer Protection (DG SANCO) has asked RAND Europe to contribute to the Commission’s impact assessment of a proposed Communication on alcohol policy. This Communication presents a comprehensive approach to combat the harmful effects of alcohol use in the European Union. RAND Europe has focused exclusively on the economic impacts of DG SANCO’s options.
This report first examines the nature and extent of the problem posed by alcohol use in Europe, which provides the rationale and focus for the associated policy initiative. Next, it developes a conceptual approach that discusses how alcohol use is linked to macroeconomic development. This approach is then used to examine the future impacts of a successful alcohol policy on a number of macroeconomic aspects.

Evidence for the effectiveness & cost-effectiveness of interventions to reduce alcohol-related harm Evidence for the effectiveness & cost-effectiveness of interventions to reduce alcohol-related harm

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Date added: 07/25/2012
Date modified: 07/26/2012
Filesize: 1.7 MB
Downloads: 1317

Author: Peter Anderson (Maastricht University)

This report commissioned by the WHO Regional Office for Europe shows that there is a substantial evidence base on the effectiveness of different policies in reducing the harm done by alcohol. Policies that regulate the economic and physical availability of alcohol are effective in reducing alcohol-related harm. Enforced legislative measures to reduce drinking and driving and interventions individually directed to drinkers already at risk are also effective. The evidence shows that information and education programmes do not reduce alcohol-related harm; nevertheless, they have a role in providing information, reframing alcohol-related problems and increasing attention to alcohol on the political and public agendas. In all parts of the European Union, population-based interventions represent a highly cost– effective use of resources to reduce alcohol-related harm. Brief interventions for individual high-risk drinkers are also cost–effective, but are harder to scale up because of their associated training and manpower needs.

Alcohol brief interventions: exploring perceptions and training needs Alcohol brief interventions: exploring perceptions and training needs

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Date added: 07/11/2012
Date modified: 07/11/2012
Filesize: Unknown
Downloads: 1583

Author: Lacey J.

One of the main thrusts of contemporary alcohol misuse policies is that early intervention can make a real difference to patterns of problem drinking, as long as healthcare professionals are given the right skills. However, healthcare professionals themselves suggest that they are often unsure of how to raise issues, and feel that they lack the skills or knowledge to do this effectively. This study investigates the perceptions and training needs of health visitors, school nurses, nursery nurses and practice nurses in relation to alcohol misuse primary prevention and the delivery of brief interventions in their day-to-day work.

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